Pediatrics performed a systemic review in order to compile information on the rates of co-occurring impairments, diseases, and functional limitations with cerebral palsy into simple clinical findings. After reviewing 1366 papers 82 were appraised and 30 were included in the meta-analyses.
The results indicated the following for children with cerebral palsy:
- 3 in 4 were in pain
- 1 in 2 had an intellectual disability
- 1 in 3 could not walk
- 1 in 3 had a hip displacement
- 1 in 4 could not talk
- 1 in 4 had epilepsy
- 1 in 4 had a behavior disorder
- 1 in 4 had bladder control problems
- 1 in 5 had a sleep disorder
- 1 in 5 dribbled
- 1 in 10 were blind
- 1 in 15 were tube-fed
- 1 in 25 were deaf.
Reference: Iona Novak, Monique Hines, Shona Goldsmith and Richard Barclay. Clinical Prognostic Messages From a Systematic Review on Cerebral Palsy. Pediatrics DOI: 10.1542/peds.2012-0924 originally published online October 8, 2012.