A systemic review of 24 studies was published on fine motor skills in children with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) or fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). The results were the following:
1. more advanced fine motor skills, such as visual-motor integration, were more frequently impaired than basic fine motor skills, such as grip strength.
2. with regards to assessment, tools that specifically assessed fine motor skills more consistently identified deficits than those which assessed fine motor skills as part of a generalized neurodevelopmental assessment.
3. fine motor impairments were associated with “moderate” to “high” PAE levels.
4. only a few studies reported fine motor skills of children with “low” PAE levels, so the effect of lower PAE levels on fine motor skills remains uncertain.
Reference: Doney, Robyn BSc, BBA et al. Fine Motor Skills in Children With Prenatal Alcohol Exposure or Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics
Vol. 35 - Issue 9: p 598-609
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