Thursday, March 26, 2015

Strengthening Versus Balance Exercises for Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Strengthening Versus Balance Exercises for Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis from

The American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation published research on 30 children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) comparing the effects of muscle strengthening exercises versus proprioceptive-balance exercises on lower extremity function.

Each child was evaluated for pain, passive range of motion, muscle strength, balance, and functional abilities using the Numeric Rating Scale, goniometer, handheld dynamometer, Flamingo Balance Test, Functional Reach Test, 10-meter walking test, 10-stair climbing test, and Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire. The participants were randomly assigned to the strengthening exercise group or the proprioceptive-balance exercise group.

The results indicated the following:

1.  statistically significant improvements in all outcome measures were recorded except muscle strength in the hip and ankle after strengthening exercises.

2.  statistically significant improvements were found in all outcome measures after the proprioceptive-balance exercises.

3.  Intergroup analysis showed statistically significant improvement in all outcome measures in the proprioceptive-balance exercise group except for the Numeric Rating Scale, Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire, and passive range of motion scores and hip extension and knee flexion muscle strengths.

The researchers concluded that exercise treatment significantly improves musculoskeletal symptoms in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Balance-proprioceptive exercises were shown to be more effective than strengthening exercises for improving lower extremity function such as walking, climbing stairs, and balance in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

Reference:  Baydogan, Saime Nilay MSc, PT; Tarakci, Ela PhD, PT; Kasapcopur, Ozgur MD.  Effect of Strengthening Versus Balance-Proprioceptive Exercises on Lower Extremity Function in Patients with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: A Randomized, Single-Blind Clinical Trial. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation.  Published ahead on print on 3/24/15. doi: 10.1097/PHM.0000000000000279


cross the beam balance game from

Cross the Beam Game
By: Your Therapy Source

Summary: Download of game that encourages balance skills and
visual perceptual skills.  Find out more at

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