Sensory Integration, Social Participation and Autism
The American Journal of Occupational Therapy published research from clinical records of 89 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) ages 4-11 years old . The research examined whether sensory integration (SI) and praxis patterns of the children were related to social participation.
Using SIPT standard scores, SPM standard and SPM Social Participation scores, SI and praxis patterns were analyzed.
The results indicated the following:
1. Children with ASD showed relative strengths in visual praxis.
2. Marked difficulties were evident in imitation praxis, vestibular bilateral integration, somatosensory perception, and sensory reactivity.
3. SPM Social Participation scores were inversely associated with areas of deficit on SIPT measures.
The researchers concluded that children with ASD characteristically display strengths in visuopraxis and difficulties with somatopraxis and vestibular functions, which appear to greatly affect social participation.
Reference: Susanne Smith Roley; Zoe Mailloux; L. Diane Parham; Roseann C. Schaaf; Christianne Joy Lane; Sharon Cermak. Sensory Integration and Praxis Patterns in Children With Autism. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, December 2014, Vol. 69, 6901220010p1-6901220010p8. doi:10.5014/ajot.2015.012476