Frontiers in Psychology published research on the relationship between between motor skills, cognitive function, and school performance in 45 students from 8 to 14 years of age. Each participant completed the following to assess different skill areas: 1) Touch Test Disc for motor skill coordination, 2) Shuttle Run Speed—running back and forth for agility, 3) Academic Achievement Test for school performance, 4) the Stroop test for s elective attention and concentration, cognitive flexibility and inhibitory control and 5) Six sub-tests of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-IV (WISC-IV) for cognitive function. Using a cross sectional design, the results indicated the following:
- the Touch Test Disc was the best predictor of school performance. The Touch Test Disc test requires the individual to keep the non-dominant hand in the rectangle box in the center, then touch with the dominant hand in the circle on the opposite side, crossing his arm over the other, and come back to complete one cycle. It is scored by measuring the smallest amount of time is takes to complete 25 correct cycles out of three trials.
- significant correlations between motor coordination and several indices of cognitive function, such as the total score of the Academic Achievement Test and two WISC-IV sub-tests: block design and cancellation.
- all the other cognitive variables pointed in the same direction, and even correlated with agility, but did not reach statistical significance.
The researchers concluded that visual motor coordination and visual selective attention, but not agility, may influence academic achievement and cognitive function.
Reference: Fernandes, V. R., Ribeiro, M. L. S., Melo, T., de Tarso Maciel-Pinheiro, P., Guimarães, T. T., Araújo, N. B., … & Deslandes, A. C. (2016). Motor coordination correlates with academic achievement and cognitive function in children. Frontiers in psychology, 7.
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25 Bilateral Coordination Exercises – Download of 28 bilateral coordination exercise sheets including QR codes with links to video demonstration of exercises. Also includes hand out explaining bilateral coordination. Find Out More Information.