Do you ever feel like you offer many tips and suggestions but have a hard time keeping up with how the student performs? Pediatric therapists need to collect data to find out what is working for a specific student. Here are 6 ways to track progress:
1. Tally Marks - how many times did they write the letter B correctly out of 10? This is a super simple way of keeping tabs on whether a strategy is working. Allow the student to try 10 times and mark a tally on the paper each time it is done correctly. To record the data to get a percentage based on the number of trials make two columns on a piece of paper. If the student does it correctly simply record a tally mark on the left side of the paper. If the student does not perform the task correctly record a tally mark on the right side of the paper. You can then calculate percentages of how well the student is doing. Have a smart phone or iPad? There are several apps that allow for simple data collection such as TxTools where you can make tally marks or calculate percentages.
2. Standardized Testing - obviously this is an effective way of tracking progress from year to year although "year" is the key word. On a week to week basis this is not an effective way of tracking progress.
3. Rubrics - Create your own scoring systems for different skills to track a specific child's progress over time. Break a skill down using task analysis and assign scores for each specific piece of the overall skill. Here is a sample rubric for walking in a line.
4. Goal Attainment Scaling - This is a method of quantifying whether a goal is achieved based on a scale of -2 (much less of expected outcome) to 2 (much more of expected outcome).
5. Graphs - Nothing shows progress or decline like a visual image such as a graph. By plotting a student's progress over time teachers and parents can see very clearly the progress a student is making (or not making). ie Progress Monitoring Forms make a chart and record tally marks - very nice visual to represent progress. Here is an example for catching skills.
6. Software - There are a few software programs to track progress. For example, the Scale of Sensory Strategies (S.O.S.S.) Tool Kit™ enables automatic data entry within minutes using the Sensory Strategy Software program to generate a sensory strategy summary, a narrative report that summarizes the data taken during sensory trials.
Any other suggestions for collecting data?