The Journal of Neuroscience published research on the senses of sight and sound in children with autism. Vanderbilt University researchers compared 32 typically developing children ages 6-18 years old with 32 high-functioning children with autism, matching the groups in almost every possible way including IQ.
These participants worked through many different tasks, mostly all computer generated. Researchers used different types of audiovisual stimuli such as simple flashes and beeps, more complex environmental stimuli like a hammer hitting a nail, and speech stimuli, and asked the participants to tell them whether the visual and auditory events happened at the same time.
The results indicated that:
- children with autism have an enlargement in something known as the temporal binding window (TBW), meaning the brain has trouble associating visual and auditory events that happen within a certain period of time.
- children with autism also showed weaknesses in how strongly they “bound” or associated audiovisual speech stimuli.
Watch the video below for examples of the confusion between the senses and how the research was conducted.
Reference: Boerner, C. Vanderbilt study reveals senses of sight and sound separated in children with autism. Vanderbilt University. Retrieved from the web on 1/15/14 at http://news.vanderbilt.edu/2014/01/senses-of-sight-and-sound-separated-in-children-with-autism/.
Typical Classroom Sensory-Based Problem Behaviors & Suggested Therapeutic Interventions
By: Ileana S. McCaigue OTR/L, IMC
Summary: Download of suggested therapeutic interventions based on 12 different problem behavior categories
Find out more at http://yourtherapysource.com/mccaigue.html