Pediatric Exercise Science published research on 118 preschool students who participated in a 10 minute teacher implemented classroom based activity break for 2 days (study was over 4 days – 2 days the activity break was conducted and the other 2 days was regular instruction). Physical activity was monitored via accelerometry. Time on-task was measured by direct observation.
The results indicated the following:
1. the 10 minute activity breaks resulted in a higher percent of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA).
2. activity breaks also encouraged more on-task behavior after the activity break.
3. the students who were the most off-task before the break improved on-task behavior by 30 percentage points.
The researchers concluded that teachers may improve time on-task after an activity break for preschoolers, especially in children who are the most off-task.
Reference: E. Kipling Webster, Danielle D. Wadsworth, Leah E. Robinson. Preschoolers’ Time On-Task and Physical Activity During a Classroom Activity Break. PES Volume 27, Issue 1, February. doi.org/10.1123/pes.2014-0006